BEHAVIORAL THREAT ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT
Systemic, Collaborative Threat Assessment
This one- or two-day training focuses on building a sustainable, community-based threat assessment system composed of school site-based Level 1 teams and a community-based Level 2 team. The Level 1 teams should include school administrators, school-based mental health professionals, and school resource officers. The Level 2 team should include district-level administrators and mental health and assessment practitioners, administrators, and practitioners from community mental health services, representatives from juvenile services and law enforcement, and other community agencies available to support the team. The training provides the following:
A review of the basic concepts of threat assessment
A review of youth violence, examining research and best-practices prescriptive recommendations for assessment and management
A review of the dynamics and risk factors for reactive aggression, teen dating aggression, and targeted violence within K–12 schools
The application of threat assessment concepts and research in a site-based protocol, called Level 1, and instruction on the use of the Level 1 protocol
The application of threat assessment concepts and research in a community-based protocol, called Level 2, and direct instruction on conducting Level 2 assessments
A review of a centralized and community-based Level 2 threat assessment system as support to each school district’s Level 1 teams and as a regional resource
A review of local and regional resources and implementation issues within each school district, as well as available youth-serving agency support for a community-based Level 2 team.
A brainstorming process to adapt the Level 2 team to available resources
Case study exercises as examples of application
Q & A session
General Threat Assessment Training
This training assists threat assessment teams, staff members, students, parents, and the community in identifying risk factors, prevention strategies, and management options for violent behavior. The information provided highlights how school and community attacks can be prevented when staff and community members understand threatening behavior, know how to identify signs of attack, and then move quickly to assess and de-escalate a situation.
Basic Training in School Threat Assessment and Management
Pre-scheduled, one day classes that will assist professionals from schools and partnering agencies in identifying risk factors, prevention strategies, and management options for violent behavior, such as school shootings. The information provided will highlight how threats of violence can be systematically investigated and how school and community attacks can be prevented when staff and community members understand threatening behavior, know how to identify signs of attack, and then move quickly to assess and de-escalate a situation. With the Salem-Keizer Cascade behavioral threat assessment system as a model, the presentation will provide a template for building a sustainable, school-based threat assessment system composed of school site teams and a community-based collaboration. Click here for class schedule and location.
Assessing Student Threats in the School: Using the Site-Based Level 1 Student Threat Assessment Protocol
This training presumes that a community support team either exists or is being created (see training noted above). The one-day training focuses on building or maintaining sustainable, site-based Level 1 threat assessment teams within the schools. Instruction focuses on implementation of the Level 1 protocol and the basics of threat assessment. The Level 1 teams should include school administrators, school-based mental health professionals, and school resource officers (or community law enforcement). The training provides the following:
The basic concepts of threat assessment with a focus on youth risk factors
A brief review of supportive research and best-practice prescriptive recommendations for assessment and management
The application of threat assessment concepts and research in a site-based protocol, called a Level 1
Direct instruction on conducting Level 1 threat assessments at a school level, including the process for referral to a community-based Level 2 threat assessment support team
Case review and lab exercises demonstrating the Level 1 threat assessment process
Q & A session and problem solving that addresses each school district’s unique needs
Threat Assessment System Review
This service provides a review of threat assessment and management concepts and protocol instructions for those who have been previously trained. The review can focus on site-based material (Level 1), community-based material (Level 2), or both.
Threat Assessment System Audit
This service provides an evaluation of existing threat assessment and management systems, followed by consultation and recommendations for revision and improvement if needed. The evaluation includes an examination of current functioning and case work, interviews of threat assessment team members and key stakeholders, a review of completed assessments and management plans, and an observation of team meetings. The consultation additionally includes an analysis of team functioning, comparisons with current leading practices, and recommendations for refining the threat assessment and management system.
Developing a Community-Based Level 2 Threat Assessment and Management Team: Level 2 Scenario Review
This training focuses on improving a sustainable, community-based Level 2 team. The course provides a brief review of basic concepts and practice of threat assessment and threat management using a variety of case studies. Finally, the team addresses questions and concerns regarding sustainability and application.
Threat Assessment Team Coaching and Case Consultation
With this service, the consultant provides assistance and support to districts and other institutions by participating in threat assessment and management team meetings as a practitioner and a resource. The consultation focuses on existing cases, team procedures, the decision-making process, and resource exploration.
School Safety/Security Systems Consultation and Fidelity Audit
This service provides an in-depth examination of an organization’s threat assessment systems, emergency response and management structures, and active-shooter response procedures. Once the audit is complete, recommendations for revision, expansion, and improvement based on leading practice and pragmatic, cost-efficient options are provided.
Comprehensive School Security: Prevention, Preparation, Response, Recovery
This one- or two-day training can include the basics of threat assessment, as well as active-shooter/violent-intruder response and mitigation. The presentation highlights a comprehensive and seamless safety, security, and risk management system that, in addition to managing physical security, covers the full continuum of operational safety measures. Specifically, the presenter will review educational tools used to reinforce employee awareness of the behavioral indicators of potential violence, along with the use of school threat assessment protocols and prevention strategies to address potentially violent situations. Organized measures to train staff members on lockdown procedures and the use of options-based decision-making strategies to mitigate the impact of violence are also shared. The presentation concludes by outlining post-crisis recovery operations planning as a necessary preparatory measure within a comprehensive safety structure.
Managing Trespasses, De-Escalation, and Building Bridges with Hostile Parents
This half-day training provides strategies for communicating with adults prior to trespassing them from schools. The material focuses on building relationship bridges to avoid trespasses, and provides situational thresholds that require trespass. Additionally, attendees receive organizational and tracking strategies for managing trespasses, along with constructive pathways for bringing trespassed parents back into the school as responsible contributors to their children’s educational experience.
Training Non-Security Staff Members to Think with a Security Lens: Violence Prevention and Mitigation through Options-Based Decision Making
Train the trainer workshop provides the necessary information and instructional strategy for security professionals and administrators to teach options-based decision making, a defensive strategy tailored to the education community for use during extremely dangerous situations. Teaching others options thinking prepares them to identify potential violence, report their concerns, avoid or mitigate danger, and protect themselves and others during a violent event, such as one involving an active shooter. It instructs employees to gather and use important information during such an emergency, providing them with skills to avoid danger, de-escalate aggressive people, and survive.
Creating and Using an Emergency Operations Center to Address Lockdowns and Other Emergencies in the School
This half-day training provides the steps and structure for building an emergency incident command structure within an education environment. While the presentation does not specifically teach incident command, it does highlight the needed information and basic principles, team building, the construction of an emergency operations center (EOC), and the use of that system to address lockdowns and other emergencies.
Options-Based Decision-Making: Implementing Effective Lockdown Strategies and Active Shooter/Violent Intruder Response
This training reviews successful preparatory strategies for assessing, avoiding, and mitigating danger while protecting self and others. Options-based decision making is a defensive safety strategy tailored to the education community for use during extremely dangerous situations, such as one involving an active shooter. It is a construct that builds on the established professional skills of educators, a sense of self-protection, and the ability to gather and use important information during a crisis as a means of improving strategies to avoid danger, de-escalate aggressive people, and survive.
De-Escalation Training: Addressing and De-Escalating Hostile, Angry, and Potentially Combative Adults (Including Parents, Walk-In Visitors, Transient Visitors) and Creating De-Escalation Teams
This half-day training reviews the dynamics and indicators of escalating behavior, as well as the indicators of potential aggression within a reactive, emotional situation. The material reviews techniques for de-escalation and provides instruction on creating and training meet-and-greet teams that safely and systematically intervene in situations involving people who are emotionally elevated, angry, or even aggressive. The material also provides strategies for building communication bridges with people who are confrontational, demanding, and disrespectful.